This maybe the first major decision for a student and also one which gives your career a direction. Select the field which you don’t feel bored even after studying so much. That is, think of your final goal. Don’t depend on results/Marks. Percentage is not the only factor, there are many other things like interest and ability to study. Decide now itself what you want to study after 12th and what you need to study to achieve that goal.
There are two main Career options after 10th Class
1. Higher Studies
2. Job Opportunities
Higher Studies after 10th Class:
1) Intermediate (11th, 12th Class/ PUC) :
This is the most chosen stream for 10+2 education and offers many lucrative career options including medicine and engineering.
It is also popular for the fact that it keeps you options open, i.e. a student is allowed to select commerce or arts after pursuing science in 10+2, while commerce and arts students cannot pursue science.
In science stream, you have to take at least six subjects including one compulsory language and One optional language. There are many options for subjects like:
This is the second most popular choice among students in India. Commerce stream leads towards some of the highest paying and respected jobs like investment banking, chartered accountant (CA), company secretaries (CS), accounts and financial adviser etc.
The three major subjects taught in commerce stream are
Business law or business study.
The subjects offered by most commerce colleges include business economics, business law, accountancy, auditing, income tax, marketing, etc.
Although, this stream is not so common among students, it holds many exciting career opportunities like journalism, literature, social works, teaching, etc. In arts stream, you have to select six subjects including one compulsory language and one optional language.
Arts offers you a huge list of options to select the remaining four subjects which include, sociology, history, literature, psychology, political science, philosophy, economics etc.
2) Polytechnic – POLYCET (Polytechnic Common Entrance Test) ; CEEP (Common Entrance Exam for Polytechnic) Diploma Courses in Engineering and Non-Engineering. It is a three years course.
Diploma in Civil Engineering
Diploma in Electrical Engineering
Diploma in Mechanical Engineering
Diploma in Electronics and Communication Engineering
Diploma in Computer Engineering
Diploma in Garment Technology
Diploma in Home Science
Diploma in Agriculture
3) ITI (Industrial Trading Institute)/ ITC (Industrial Training Center) – It is a two year courses of Engineering and Non-Engineering Field. It is called as Trade Industry where you can learn basic skills in technical field. AITT (ALl India Trade Test)
4) Paramedical – Allied Healthcare Course: It is about Healthcare workers who provide clinical services for patients under the supervision of a Physician. They are two year courses.
DMLT- Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology
DHFM – Diploma in Hospital Food Service Management
DOT – Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology
5) Short-term Courses – They are called the job oriented courses that are useful to get
a job after short span of time. Usually 6-12 months courses.
Diploma in 2D and 3D Animation
Diploma in Computer Applications
Certificate Course in Graphic Designing
Certificate Programme in MS-Office
Certificate Course in Web Designing
Certificate Course in Programming Language (JAVA, C++, PHP, SQL)
Certification Course in SEO (Search Engine Optimization)
6) Other Vocational Courses: to provide more practical skills technically.
Banking and Financial Service Course – 2 Years
DTP (Desktop Publishing) and Printing Technology – 1 Year
Diploma in Insurance and Marketing – 1 Year
Tourism and Travel Techniques Course – 2 Years
Pre-School Teacher Training – 2 Years
Hotel Operations Course – 2 Years
Dental Technician Course – 2 Years
Job opportunities after 10th Class:
1) Defence Examinations:
a) Indian Army – Posts of Soldiers in Technical Cadre
Indian Army Soldier Clerk’s Examination
Indian Army Soldier General Duty Examination (NER)
Indian Army Soldier Technical Examination (MER)
Indian Army Soldier Nursing Assistant Examination (MER)
b) Indian Air Force – Non-Technical Cadre
IAF Airman Non-Technical Trade’s Examination
c) Indian Navy – Naval Branch of the Armed Forces of India
Indian Navy Dock Yard Apprentices Examination
Indian Navy Sailors Matric Entry Recruitment Examination
Indian Navy Artificer Apprentices Examination
2) Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF):
Constable (Technical and Tradesman) in CRPF
3) Boarder Security Force (BSF):
BSF Constable Recruitment
4) Staff Selection Commission (SSC):
SSC Multitasking (Non-Technical) Staff Recruitment
Explore your interest as you have lots of subjects in options to select. Don’t select
options depending on which subject you like or which subject is easy. Because there may
be 1 subject you like but other subjects in that field may be difficult for you, then it would be wrong choice.
So if you are still confused, you can discover how to simplify this maze by putting the right doors at the right place. Like every other choice, all you need to do is look at the wider picture and take the decision keeping in mind your future aim and your past performance.
Best of luck